1770 It was a day of pleasant weather and fair wind when Joseph Banks
on the ship ‘Endeavour’ watched penguins swimming alongside
keeping up and while they were at it making noises something like
the shrieking of a goose.
Diomedaea demersa? he wondered
on the 4th of March – I cannot be certain.
Three weeks later, having read his Abel Tasman, Joseph Banks recorded
At night came to an anchor in a Bay
in some part of which
it is probable
that Tasman anchor’d.
Another three weeks and
they were sailing with a brisk breeze of wind and cloudy
unsettled weather. Joseph Banks saw Land again.
He watched as three waterspouts formed and dissolved
moved to each other and
away, all between us and the land.
The pipe itself was perfectly transparent
and much resembled
a tube of glass.
On April 20th at noon
Joseph Banks saw smoke again.
The country this morn
rose in gentle sloping hills which had the appearance
of the highest fertility, every hill seem’d
to be cloth’d with trees of no mean size
a smoak was seen
a little way inland and
in the Evening several more.
The next day Joseph Banks, after seeing
smoke again and again, concluded
the land was rather more
populous than first thought.
The next day, as the ‘Endeavour’ slapped across the waves
paralleling on port-side
the new coast, Joseph Banks
thought about the people he had seen and concluded
not much in favour of our future friends.
They didn’t make large fires
in order to clear the ground
As the ‘Endeavour’ nosed for anchorage and bays
they drew closer to the shore near enough to discern
five people who appear’d enormously black. Joseph Banks
stood on deck and thought
perhaps so far did the prejudices which we had built
on Dampier’s account
that we fancied we could see their Colour
when we could scarce distinguish whether or not
they were men. The next day
April 23rd, was calm. Myself in small boat but saw
few or no
Being a man of science
he dipped his net into the new waters
and pulled out Cancer Erythroptamus, Medusa radiata,
Dagysa gemma, Holothuria obtusata,
Phyllodoce Velella and Mimus volutator
cornuta, strumose and pelagica.
Later, Joseph Banks wrote in his journal
a larger fire was however seen
we have seen before.
A week or so later, in the place to be known
as Botany Bay, Joseph Banks saw the fires
(fishing fires as we suppos’d)
during the greatest part of the night.
In the morn we went ashore at the houses
but found not the least good effect from our present yesterday: in the house
in which the children were yesterday
was left every individual thing
which we had thrown to them and in the evening Myself with the Captn etc.
were in a sandy cove on the Northern side of the harbour
where we haul’ld the seine
and caught many very fine fish
more than all hands could Eat1
- Banks, Sir J 2005, The Endeavour Journal of Sir Joseph Banks, Project Gutenberg
of Australia, text version prepared in 1962 from manuscript ‘The Endeavour
Journal of Sir Joseph Banks, 1768-1771’ held at the State Library of NSW. ↩
- 104: KINwith E Shiosaki 103: AMBLEwith E Gomez and S Gory 102: GAMEwith R Green and J Maxwell 101: NO THEME 10with J Kinsella and J Leanne 100: BROWNFACE with W S Dunn 99: SINGAPOREwith J Ip and A Pang 97 & 98: PROPAGANDAwith M Breeze and S Groth 96: NO THEME IXwith M Gill and J Thayil 95: EARTHwith M Takolander 94: BAYTwith Z Hashem Beck 93: PEACHwith L Van, G Mouratidis, L Toong 92: NO THEME VIIIwith C Gaskin 91: MONSTERwith N Curnow 90: AFRICAN DIASPORAwith S Umar 89: DOMESTICwith N Harkin 88: TRANSQUEERwith S Barnes and Q Eades 87: DIFFICULTwith O Schwartz & H Isemonger 86: NO THEME VIIwith L Gorton 85: PHILIPPINESwith Mookie L and S Lua 84: SUBURBIAwith L Brown and N O'Reilly 83: MATHEMATICSwith F Hile 82: LANDwith J Stuart and J Gibian 81: NEW CARIBBEANwith V Lucien 80: NO THEME VIwith J Beveridge 57.1: EKPHRASTICwith C Atherton and P Hetherington 57: CONFESSIONwith K Glastonbury 56: EXPLODE with D Disney 55.1: DALIT / INDIGENOUSwith M Chakraborty and K MacCarter 55: FUTURE MACHINES with Bella Li 54: NO THEME V with F Wright and O Sakr 53.0: THE END with P Brown 52.0: TOIL with C Jenkins 51.1: UMAMI with L Davies and Lifted Brow 51.0: TRANSTASMAN with B Cassidy 50.0: NO THEME IV with J Tranter 49.1: A BRITISH / IRISH with M Hall and S Seita 49.0: OBSOLETE with T Ryan 48.1: CANADA with K MacCarter and S Rhodes 48.0: CONSTRAINT with C Wakeling 47.0: COLLABORATION with L Armand and H Lambert 46.1: MELBOURNE with M Farrell 46.0: NO THEME III with F Plunkett 45.0: SILENCE with J Owen 44.0: GONDWANALAND with D Motion 43.1: PUMPKIN with K MacCarter 43.0: MASQUE with A Vickery 42.0: NO THEME II with G Ryan 41.1: RATBAGGERY with D Hose 41.0: TRANSPACIFIC with J Rowe and M Nardone 40.1: INDONESIA with K MacCarter 40.0: INTERLOCUTOR with L Hart 39.1: GIBBERBIRD with S Gory 39.0: JACKPOT! with S Wagan Watson 38.0: SYDNEY with A Lorange 37.1: NEBRASKA with S Whalen 37.0: NO THEME! with A Wearne 36.0: ELECTRONICA with J Jones